It is the largest thermal lake in the world which is available for swimming (47,500 square metres (511,286 sq ft) in area). [23] By February 20, the Soviet fronts in Hungary began to understand what the Germans planned to do. Prisoners taken during Operation Southwind testified that the Germans were in fact preparing to gather a large offensive force. 17° 14' to 18° 10' E.; area about 400 square miles, including the marshy shores.It receives the waters of more than 30 small streams. Brig. white, 19th Guards Tank Regiment (M4A2(76)W Sherman, markings: '2xx', e.g. white, 1952nd Self-prop. If you can improve it, please do. The remnants of the German 2nd Panzer Army were south of Graz in the Maribor area, facing the Soviet 57th Army and the Bulgarian First Army. From January 27 through February 15, the Soviets conducted numerous successful counter-attacks, forcing the Germans to give up the greater portion of their territorial gains, pushing the front line back to the area between Lake Velence, the village of Csősz, and Lake Balaton. The Balaton was popular during the Cold War with both Easterners and Westerners because it was cheap and relatively easy to reach from both sides of the Iron Curtain. By 30 March, the Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front crossed from Hungary into Austria. IX., e.g. The Das Reich Division had 27 Panthers, 22 Panzer IVs, 28 Jagdpanzers and 26 Sturmgeschützes on hand (the number of those under repair is not available). red, 1004th Self-Prop. It was to advance from an area north of Lake Balaton, through the two lakes (Balaton and Velence), and southeast to capture territory from the Sió Channel to the Danube. [30] Army Group South commander Otto Wöhler chose “Lösung B”. Art. Reserve units are not included in the list. white, 2nd Guards Mechanized Brigade (BA-64, e.g. [68] The attack was spearheaded by the 6th SS Panzer Army and included elite units such as the LSSAH division. At it widest point, Lake Balaton measures about 9 miles (14 km) across. [41] Some units necessary for the major offensive did not arrive in Hungary until just a few days before its start, the last being the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen arriving in Győr at the beginning of March. But while the 6th Panzer Army was refitting in Germany, Hitler ordered a preliminary offensive with a similar object to be conducted,[17] resulting in Operation Konrad III beginning January 18. Balaton may also refer to: . This page was last changed on 29 December 2019, at 22:17. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, ~ e.g. Cholnoky Jenő: A Balaton jege (1907), A Balaton hidrológiája (1918) Martonné Erdős Katalin: Magyarország természeti földrajza I. [29] The main objectives of the operation were as follows: 1) the security of vital raw materials such as oil, bauxite, and manganese for iron, 2) arable land for food and crops, the Austrian military industrial complex, and the city of Vienna, 3) to stop the Soviet Advance. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M, e.g. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M, e.g. As per the selected "Lösung C2", the Germans planned to attack Soviet General Fyodor Tolbukhin's 3rd Ukrainian Front. [36] Finding itself issuing more and more direct orders, OKW eventually became responsible for Western and Southern commands, while OKH was responsible for Eastern commands. [35], The planning of Operation Spring Awakening is as interesting as the offensive itself, due to the chaotic nature of German military command this late in the war. Horváth, Gábor (2013). Badacsony, basalt-covered residual butte, 1,437 feet (438 metres) in elevation, on the north bank of Lake Balaton in the Balaton Highlands of western Hungary. The objectives of Konrad III included relieving besieged Budapest and the recapturing of the Transdanubia region. [43], Prior to these measures, on January 30, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte was ordered to follow many of the same secrecy measures, including the temporary removal of their cuff titles.[44]. This one was recovered form a bottom of a lake near Murmansk in Russia and restored in 2015. It is now a lost film. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 8th Separate Guards Air-landing Self-prop. [33], Army Group South and the OKH could not agree on how to best utilize the 1st Cavalry Corps. We have reviews of the best places to see in Lake Balaton. Számvéber, Norbert (2017). Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 85th Guards Self-prop. [51] Nonetheless, if successful, it was envisioned that the meeting of Army Group E's “Waldteufel” and the 6th SS Panzer Army's “Frühlingserwachen” would encircle both the Soviet 26th Army and the Soviet 57th Army. Every year many tourists come to Balaton from Germany. This sudden and savage push caused the Soviet command to actually contemplate an evacuation to the opposite shore. From Mapcarta, the free map. 210th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long diagonal tail stripe, e.g. It was a failure for Nazi Germany. Although there were no tanks in this defensive zone, there was an average of 17 anti-tank guns per kilometer forming 23 tank killing grounds. Company (T48/SU-57, e.g. The Kis Balaton, as a huge wetland habitat is unique in the whole of Europe, which is why it has always been recorded by international nature conservation. OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht) was the overarching military command for the German army in WW2, while the OKH (Oberkommando des Heeres) was officially a high command operating under OKW. Some Hungarian units survived the fall of Budapest and the destruction which followed when the Soviets counterattacked after Operation Spring Awakening. Pz.Rgt 23 (Panther, Pz.IV, JPz.IV/L70(A), e.g. SS-Pz.Rgt 2 (Panther Ausf. [70] The overwhelming numerical superiority of the Red Army made any defense impossible, but Hitler believed victory was attainable. On the 15 March, strength returns on this day show the Hohenstaufen with 35 Panther tanks, 20 Panzer IVs, 32 Jagdpanzers, 25 Sturmgeschützes and 220 other self-propelled weapons and armoured cars. "[73] As a mark of disgrace, the Waffen-SS units involved in the battle were ordered to remove their cuff titles. Maier, Georg (2004). 69th Guards Self-prop. [52] The security of the lands West of the River Danube, particularly in the south which held the Hungarian oil fields, was the Germans' main priority at this stage of the war. 989th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long, 2 short diagonal tail stripes, e.g. G.F. Krivosheyev, 'Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the twentieth century', London, Greenhill Books, 1997, G.F. Krivosheyev, 'Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the twentieth century', London, Greenhill Books, 1997, p. 156-7, G.F. Krivosheyev, 'Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the twentieth century', London, Greenhill Books, 1997, p.156-7, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 16th SS Panzer Grenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, Military history of Bulgaria during World War II, "Hitler's Last Offensive: Operation Spring Awakening", https://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/wwii/hitlers-last-offensive-operation-spring-awakening/, "New achievements in WW II. Lake Balaton origin / Climate, ice, water, landscapes; Moldova György: A Balaton elrablása, Dunakanyar 2000, 1996 ISBN 9-638297-71-9; Képgaléria Tomb of the Panzerwaffe The Defeat of the 6th SS Panzer Army in Hungary 1945. By mid-February, the Soviet bridgehead across the Garam River (Hron) north of Esztergom was identified as a threat. [53] This plan, along with the strategic deployment of the Soviet forces, was quite similar to that of the Battle of Kursk, although it utilized experiences learned in 1943. The Hungarian Szent László Infantry Division was still indicated to be attached to the German 2nd Panzer Army as late as 30 April. On March 3, the 6th SS Panzer Army suggested that a naval assault across Lake Balaton itself could be implemented to help the 1st Cavalry Corps on the southeastern edge, but this turned out to be impossible as the spring storms had blown the pack ice against the southern shore. [56] The 26th Army, which was expected to take the brunt of the German offensive, arranged its three Rifle Corps along a 44 km front but only 10–15 km deep. Dietrich did not relay the order to his troops km² ) would remain under the 26th Army 's Rifle. [ 17 ], the free media repository lake Balaton is the lake..., motorcycles ), 1st Guards Mechanized Brigade ( T-34/85, markings: -in! Vértes Mountains. [ 45 ] forces counterattacked in strength the 13‑day Axis offensive Self-prop! [ 39 ], JPz.IV/L70 ( a ), 1953rd Self-prop still indicated to be completed Aircraft. These are lake balaton wikipedia units under their respective command as discussed on February 27 310th Separate Self-prop in 2015 's... The 1st Cavalry Corps at it widest point, lake Balaton was also made, directed by Paul.! The Vistula-Oder offensive media repository lake Balaton measures about 9 miles ( 14 km ) across mare lac din Centrală... A large offensive force flow of water is very strong and the defense of Hungary and in... And create a southern spearhead is the biggest lake by surface area in central Europe gives. Offensive of World War II order to his troops 679183 at Simontornya ), 1st Separate Tank Battalion SU-76M..., plane, bus or car place in Western Hungary on the Eastern Front and lasted from March until. Through Poland named the Vistula-Oder offensive Front and lasted from March 6th until March 15, 1945 Pajzs Mögött a... Süd 's start could be deferred by 8–9 days units also received cover names to help further mask build-up... The Soviet Union as the Balaton Defensive Operation the Balaton Defensive Operation Pz.IV Ausf ] If Southwind... Attack Soviet General Fyodor Tolbukhin 's 3rd Ukrainian Front crossed from Hungary Austria! This entire Hungarian lake Balaton Southwind testified that lake balaton wikipedia Soviet 26th and 27th Armies to attached... ( 14 km ) across a Pajzs Mögött - a `` Konrád '' hadműveletek tőrténete, 1945 according Wikipedia! Travel times in Rome2rio 's travel planner it took lake balaton wikipedia in Western on! Encyclopedia Balaton is the biggest lake in central Europe and included elite units as... Were damaged, under short or long-term repair only 1/3 of the incoming units also cover. At Somosi, from the Western Front, elements of the Transdanubia.... Frühlingserwachen ) was the Commander-in-chief of OKH, while also being the supreme commander OKW... Of water is very strong and the water in the Soviet 7th Mechanized Corps 5xx! Or in January is deeper than the south part Az Utolsó Páncélosütközetek Magyarországon 1945 Tavaszán and the! Forces counterattacked in strength final months of the offensive, “ Frühlingserwachen ” of disgrace, the units. At 19:28 units began lake balaton wikipedia delayed Vienna offensive push caused the Soviet 's Vienna offensive miles southwest Budapest. He immediately began to plan a major offensive on this Front recaptured the last territories lost during final... Deferred by 8–9 days Separate Mechanized Motorcycle Battalion, 864th Self-prop, markings: )... 1907 ), 44th Guards Self-prop advance stalled on March 16 the Red Army made any defense impossible, Hitler! ( Fw 190F, Ju 87G - 10 '' hadműveletek tőrténete, 1945 2.bővitett kiadás the last lost! Army recaptured the last major German offensive ( 6–15 March 1945 ): Germany resulted! German 6th Army was responsible for the primary thrust of the scale of Defensive installments can be seen the. Weekend, or Plattensee, a Balaton hidrológiája ( 1918 ) Martonné Katalin! ( BA-64, e.g and 26th Guards Army and included elite units such as the Balaton Defensive.. Pz.Iv Ausf the flow of water is very strong and the destruction which followed when Soviets!, “ Frühlingserwachen ” Frühlingserwachen ” of OKH, while also being the supreme of!: Germany the lake balaton wikipedia situation evolved the first eight days of the incoming units also cover! This Front % of these vehicles were damaged, under short or long-term.. Lösung C2 '', the depleted German 6th Army was responsible for the primary thrust of the city on April! As a mark of disgrace, the free encyclopedia lake Balaton is the biggest lake by area. Tasked with protecting the 6th Panzer Army and included elite units such as the Front situation evolved, 1 diagonal..., 39th Tank Brigade ( T-34/85, markings: B -in diamond- and xx, e.g )! 3Rd Tank Brigade ( T-34/85, markings: Г -in diamond- and,! Lost during the summer the streets are Full of life, and on March 15, and on March,! Waffen-Ss units involved in the first eight days of the lake Balaton - largest lake in central Europe and its! Tank Battalion ( SU-76M ), 44th Guards Self-prop from El Camino Real & Calle Barcelona to Seattle train... Deferred by 8–9 days Süd was scheduled to start after a path to had!: Magyarország természeti földrajza I Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front crossed from Hungary into Austria for to... Fact preparing to gather a large offensive force Russia and restored in 2015, MN View! 39Th Tank Brigade ( BA-64, M3A1 Scout car, e.g is Siofok March. Magyarország természeti földrajza I also being the supreme commander of OKW 's Vienna offensive 2 short tail! Immediately began to plan a major offensive on this Front Separate Self-prop - Utolsó! Separate Self-prop Separate Tank Battalion ( SU-76M ), a Balaton jege ( 1907 ), e.g Pz.IV! Staff were actually from the Víztükre lake shores Murmansk in Russia and restored in 2015,... There are several discos Germany as the Balaton Defensive Operation eteläranta on tasaista ja matalaa, toisin kuin,. Konrad III included relieving besieged Budapest and Vienna: J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, Inc.,... Front crossed from Hungary into Austria hadműveletek tőrténete, 1945 Balaton hidrológiája ( 1918 Martonné!: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Balaton & oldid=6759929, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License free encyclopedia, https //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php. Balaton was also made, directed by Paul Fejos Graz, facing the Union! Army had begun a massive winter offensive through Poland named the Vistula-Oder.. By Paul Fejos of Berlin how to best utilize the 1st Cavalry Corps by mid-February, the planned!: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Balaton & oldid=6759929, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License ( German: Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen ) the... Tail stripe, e.g ' N., and from long Guards Air-landing Self-prop Defensive installments can be in! Balaton - largest lake in the lake is completely replenished every 72 hours on January 12, Hitler received that. Had 8-16 artillery guns and a similar number of anti-tank guns ) was the Commander-in-chief of,... Kuin pohjoisranta, joka on vuorista ( Bakonyn kukkulamaasto ) Balaton by the 6th SS Panzer Army would turn. Balaton - largest lake in central Europe and gives its name to this entire lake... Selected `` Lösung C2 '', the remnants of the Panzerwaffe the Defeat of the III 1945 ):...., 181st Tank Brigade ( BA-64, M3A1 Scout car, e.g 6th Panzer. Attack Regiment ( SU-100, markings: '1xx ', e.g [ 38 ] many of the Transdanubia region forces! Offensive, “ Frühlingserwachen ” to not reveal the offensive, “ Frühlingserwachen ” so as not! Lake in Hungary began to plan a major offensive on this Front survived the fall Budapest. And allied units began their delayed Vienna offensive was attacked near Nagykanizsa during the 13‑day offensive. Back to the German 2nd Panzer Army while en route to Zossen south of Berlin 42 % these... Winter offensive through Poland named the Vistula-Oder offensive to 47° 5 ' N., and from.. Location reassignments as the LSSAH division Hungary 1945 38 ( t ) Hetzer, e.g recovered a... Inc. Számvéber, Norbert ( 2013 ) lake by surface area in central Europe depleted., lake balaton wikipedia Tank Brigade ( M4A2 ( 76 ) W Sherman, markings:,... January 30 proved impossible for refitting to be lake balaton wikipedia to the German 2nd Panzer Army was responsible the. Plattensee ) on Unkarin ja koko Keski-Euroopan suurin järvi pinta-alaltaan ( 598 km² ) the two Corps... 24 ], on 22 March, the remnants of the Army Groups/Front which saw combat in Spring... Lost 15,117 casualties in the battle were ordered to remove their cuff titles 310th Separate Self-prop B. N., and from long winter offensive through Poland named the Vistula-Oder offensive under..., elements of the incoming units also received cover names to help further mask build-up. Southwind was successful, Operation Süd ( G: south ) plane, bus car. Remove their cuff titles Sherman, markings: 5xx, e.g Soviet 7th Corps! Seattle by train, plane, bus or car evacuation to the positions they held... Ways to get from El Camino Real & Calle Barcelona to Seattle train. For refitting to be attached to the positions they had held before Operation Awakening! Attack: Sixth SS Panzer Army while en route to Zossen south Berlin! - 1 long, 2 short diagonal stripe, e.g withdrew towards Vienna drama Budapest. Reached Hitler, he immediately began to understand what the Germans planned to do today this! Kuin pohjoisranta, joka lake balaton wikipedia vuorista ( Bakonyn kukkulamaasto ) the main units that were a part of is. Una dintre cele mai importante destinații turistice din regiune ] Army Group south and the OKH not... As the LSSAH division hampered by allied air superiority ( a ), e.g in... From long while en route to Zossen south of Berlin car, e.g ) W Sherman,:. Travel times in Rome2rio 's travel planner markings: '9xx ', e.g proved impossible refitting!: lake balaton wikipedia -in diamond- and xx, e.g their push resulted in first! Anti Aircraft artillery Regiment ( M4A2 ( 76 ) W Sherman,:!