It is the largest thermal lake in the world which is available for swimming (47,500 square metres (511,286 sq ft) in area).  By February 20, the Soviet fronts in Hungary began to understand what the Germans planned to do. Prisoners taken during Operation Southwind testified that the Germans were in fact preparing to gather a large offensive force. 17° 14' to 18° 10' E.; area about 400 square miles, including the marshy shores.It receives the waters of more than 30 small streams. Brig. white, 19th Guards Tank Regiment (M4A2(76)W Sherman, markings: '2xx', e.g. white, 1952nd Self-prop. If you can improve it, please do. The remnants of the German 2nd Panzer Army were south of Graz in the Maribor area, facing the Soviet 57th Army and the Bulgarian First Army. From January 27 through February 15, the Soviets conducted numerous successful counter-attacks, forcing the Germans to give up the greater portion of their territorial gains, pushing the front line back to the area between Lake Velence, the village of Csősz, and Lake Balaton. The Balaton was popular during the Cold War with both Easterners and Westerners because it was cheap and relatively easy to reach from both sides of the Iron Curtain. By 30 March, the Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front crossed from Hungary into Austria. IX., e.g. The Das Reich Division had 27 Panthers, 22 Panzer IVs, 28 Jagdpanzers and 26 Sturmgeschützes on hand (the number of those under repair is not available). red, 1004th Self-Prop. It was to advance from an area north of Lake Balaton, through the two lakes (Balaton and Velence), and southeast to capture territory from the Sió Channel to the Danube.  Army Group South commander Otto Wöhler chose “Lösung B”. Art. Reserve units are not included in the list. white, 2nd Guards Mechanized Brigade (BA-64, e.g.  The attack was spearheaded by the 6th SS Panzer Army and included elite units such as the LSSAH division. At it widest point, Lake Balaton measures about 9 miles (14 km) across.  Some units necessary for the major offensive did not arrive in Hungary until just a few days before its start, the last being the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen arriving in Győr at the beginning of March. But while the 6th Panzer Army was refitting in Germany, Hitler ordered a preliminary offensive with a similar object to be conducted, resulting in Operation Konrad III beginning January 18. Balaton may also refer to: . This page was last changed on 29 December 2019, at 22:17. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, ~ e.g. Cholnoky Jenő: A Balaton jege (1907), A Balaton hidrológiája (1918) Martonné Erdős Katalin: Magyarország természeti földrajza I.  The main objectives of the operation were as follows: 1) the security of vital raw materials such as oil, bauxite, and manganese for iron, 2) arable land for food and crops, the Austrian military industrial complex, and the city of Vienna, 3) to stop the Soviet Advance. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M, e.g. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M, e.g. As per the selected "Lösung C2", the Germans planned to attack Soviet General Fyodor Tolbukhin's 3rd Ukrainian Front.  Finding itself issuing more and more direct orders, OKW eventually became responsible for Western and Southern commands, while OKH was responsible for Eastern commands. , The planning of Operation Spring Awakening is as interesting as the offensive itself, due to the chaotic nature of German military command this late in the war. Horváth, Gábor (2013). Badacsony, basalt-covered residual butte, 1,437 feet (438 metres) in elevation, on the north bank of Lake Balaton in the Balaton Highlands of western Hungary. The objectives of Konrad III included relieving besieged Budapest and the recapturing of the Transdanubia region. , Prior to these measures, on January 30, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte was ordered to follow many of the same secrecy measures, including the temporary removal of their cuff titles.. This one was recovered form a bottom of a lake near Murmansk in Russia and restored in 2015. It is now a lost film. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 8th Separate Guards Air-landing Self-prop. , Army Group South and the OKH could not agree on how to best utilize the 1st Cavalry Corps. We have reviews of the best places to see in Lake Balaton. Számvéber, Norbert (2017). Artillery Battalion (SU-76M), 85th Guards Self-prop.  Nonetheless, if successful, it was envisioned that the meeting of Army Group E's “Waldteufel” and the 6th SS Panzer Army's “Frühlingserwachen” would encircle both the Soviet 26th Army and the Soviet 57th Army. Every year many tourists come to Balaton from Germany. This sudden and savage push caused the Soviet command to actually contemplate an evacuation to the opposite shore. From Mapcarta, the free map. 210th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long diagonal tail stripe, e.g. It was a failure for Nazi Germany. Although there were no tanks in this defensive zone, there was an average of 17 anti-tank guns per kilometer forming 23 tank killing grounds. Company (T48/SU-57, e.g. The Kis Balaton, as a huge wetland habitat is unique in the whole of Europe, which is why it has always been recorded by international nature conservation. OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht) was the overarching military command for the German army in WW2, while the OKH (Oberkommando des Heeres) was officially a high command operating under OKW. Some Hungarian units survived the fall of Budapest and the destruction which followed when the Soviets counterattacked after Operation Spring Awakening. Pz.Rgt 23 (Panther, Pz.IV, JPz.IV/L70(A), e.g. SS-Pz.Rgt 2 (Panther Ausf.  The overwhelming numerical superiority of the Red Army made any defense impossible, but Hitler believed victory was attainable. On the 15 March, strength returns on this day show the Hohenstaufen with 35 Panther tanks, 20 Panzer IVs, 32 Jagdpanzers, 25 Sturmgeschützes and 220 other self-propelled weapons and armoured cars. " As a mark of disgrace, the Waffen-SS units involved in the battle were ordered to remove their cuff titles. Maier, Georg (2004). 69th Guards Self-prop.  The security of the lands West of the River Danube, particularly in the south which held the Hungarian oil fields, was the Germans' main priority at this stage of the war. 989th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long, 2 short diagonal tail stripes, e.g. G.F. Krivosheyev, 'Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the twentieth century', London, Greenhill Books, 1997, G.F. Krivosheyev, 'Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the twentieth century', London, Greenhill Books, 1997, p. 156-7, G.F. Krivosheyev, 'Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the twentieth century', London, Greenhill Books, 1997, p.156-7, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 16th SS Panzer Grenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, Military history of Bulgaria during World War II, "Hitler's Last Offensive: Operation Spring Awakening", https://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/wwii/hitlers-last-offensive-operation-spring-awakening/, "New achievements in WW II. Lake Balaton origin / Climate, ice, water, landscapes; Moldova György: A Balaton elrablása, Dunakanyar 2000, 1996 ISBN 9-638297-71-9; Képgaléria Tomb of the Panzerwaffe The Defeat of the 6th SS Panzer Army in Hungary 1945. By mid-February, the Soviet bridgehead across the Garam River (Hron) north of Esztergom was identified as a threat.  This plan, along with the strategic deployment of the Soviet forces, was quite similar to that of the Battle of Kursk, although it utilized experiences learned in 1943. The Hungarian Szent László Infantry Division was still indicated to be attached to the German 2nd Panzer Army as late as 30 April. On March 3, the 6th SS Panzer Army suggested that a naval assault across Lake Balaton itself could be implemented to help the 1st Cavalry Corps on the southeastern edge, but this turned out to be impossible as the spring storms had blown the pack ice against the southern shore.  The 26th Army, which was expected to take the brunt of the German offensive, arranged its three Rifle Corps along a 44 km front but only 10–15 km deep. Dietrich did not relay the order to his troops km² ) would remain under the 26th Army 's Rifle. [ 17 ], the free media repository lake Balaton is the lake..., motorcycles ), 1st Guards Mechanized Brigade ( T-34/85, markings: -in! Vértes Mountains. 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